Pirates of the Caribbean series is a series of films inspired by pirates of the Caribbean of Disneyland attraction, produced by Jerry Bruckheimer and starring Johnny Depp, Geoffrey Rush, Orlando Bloom and Kira Knigthley among others. It has become one of the most successful sagas of recent years, returning to greening a genus that was winding down.
Piracy is that it goes hand in hand with maritime navigation, Since there since there are maritime trade who has tried to seize the goods while they were transported. There is evidence of acts of piracy since the times of the ancient Greece and the Roman Empire, Although the phase of greatest splendour was during the 16th and 17TH centuries, taking advantage of the abundant existing trade between the new and the old continent.
You can differentiate various types of criminals within the pirate:
Filibusters, they were pirates in the area of sea Caribbean, and they were characterized by that not is it away from the coast to act, along the coast and attacked the coastal cities.
The Buccaneers, they were essentially French who settled in Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic) After leaving her Spanish, they were dedicated to hunt primarily cows and pigs to provide to the ships that sailed through the area, and that, in response to the Spanish raids to punish them for not paying taxes, in which he killed the cows and pigs were the livelihood of its activity, decided to emigrate to Turtle (located a short distance of French rule) and start with the pillage from there, they differed from the rest of pirates for not being so centred on the attacks on boats, They also engaged in plundering cities.
The Corsairs, they were those who received the authorisation of the Government of a country to arm themselves and attack the ships of a power enemy, profits shared them with the State that arming them. Were considered pirates Knights and if they were arrested they had the status of prisoners of war. Without a doubt the British Sir Francis Drake was the most famous of all, to be knighted on the banks of the Thames by the same Queen Elizabeth of England.
The favourite weapons of the pirates were Sabres, the muskets and axes, now in particular we will talk about Sabres. They are a curved swords that were designed to cut, It should provide speed in combat and their design following perfectly with this objective, because to be his goal cutting and nailing in the adversary was not faster, and discovered that it was impaled in the victim.
The Sabres are thought to be originating in Asia, but they take in European culture since ancient times, and at this time due to the type of matches that were forced to fight pirates, many of them in spaces reduced as boats, the sable made the perfect weapon. Its curvature was lower than in the swords of cavalry for one simple reason, is that in the case of the pirate this needed to defend themselves and loquear the blows of the enemy, therefore had a lesser curvature.
As it is logical to think, the pirates could be forced to engage in a fight hand-to-hand if they lost the sword, or if they fell to the ground with his adversary, in doing so they have a weapon according to these needs. The dagger, a sheet of 30 centimeters, that could cause serious injuries or death to his adversary.
These daggers had a straight but with a curve shape at the tip, to facilitate that could drive the enemy or produce an important Court. These two combined arms should produce a difficult terror described in his opponents, that you were aware of the ferocity of the pirates and the effectiveness of their weapons.
The such a large scale that it reached the piracy in the area of the Caribbean has a very simple explanation, the Bull of Pope Alexander VI of the year 1493, in which divided the new lands discovered through a drawn line to 100 leagues of Cape Verde, He started the new territories discovered in two parts, giving to Portugal the area of Africa and a small area of the new world corresponding to Brazil, and to Spain by assigning him the rest of the new world, recently discovered by Christopher Columbus.
This left side powers such as France and England, that the refusal to allow them to trade with the new world Spanish, threatening to consider pirate to any vessel to carry out the route, do not let them therefore alternative that promote piracy, in this way to get a share of the wealth of this new world or at least prevent that all this would go to the Spanish coffers.
If we had to quote one among them, no doubt chosen would be Sir Francis Drake, who taking to sea in December of 1577 accompanied of 5 vessels took this course towards the coast of Brazil, penetrating in the Río de La Plata to then cross the Strait of Magellan, When despite losing all his ships except his launch a surprise attack on the cities of Valparaíso, Coquimbo and Arica. Cities that I looting with cunning.
Spanish defenders believed that Drake would have to cross the Strait of Magellan and arranged an escort of two ships to give hunting, but once again Sir Francis Drake gave samples of an unrivalled cunning and volume heading West, towards the Cape of Buenaesperanza, earning the nickname of “The Falcon of the seas”, in this way bypass Africa and arrive in England. Where by the Queen Elisabeth for being the second Mariner in get a ride to the world and by the cunning and boldness of his expedition to name Knight.
The time most successful piracy was until the mid-16th century, Since that at this time the Spanish Empire had already had time to strengthen both the fleet, as the fortifications but away from the metropolis, just as there had been an increase in the population of the colonies which allowed to improve their conditions of self-defense. That's why half of the 16th century, most of the major pirates were dead or in prison.
Currently the piracy although it may seem strange is still fully in force, each week there are attacks and kidnappings of boats in particular in the area of the Horn of Africa and in the area of Singapore, It is a problem of difficult solution since that occurs in international waters and requires the participation of an international force to end it.