Sparta was a city been Greek that had its heyday between the 6th and 4th BC. They were a militarist society, the Spartans had the training for the fight as a primary obligation. In fact the “Spartiates” or equal were trained from children for combat, prohibited from taking any learning.
For this reason they were regarded as the best soldiers from all Greece, arriving at the time of its splendor to be considered that a single spartan soldier amounted to several soldiers from any other State Greek.
The rigorous training they received from the seven years of age, in which were they subjected to conditions very you hard, subjecting them to all sorts of deprivation, to the extent that children were forced to steal, being punished if they caught them stealing, not for the fact of steal, but as for not being good enough so they discovered them not.
This gives us an idea of the capabilities that could deploy the Spartans in the field of combat, they were hard men, disciplined and with a great spirit of group. The value was revered in the Spartan culture to the point of that mothers, to dismiss their children into combat when they gave them the coat of arms and told him, "with him or about him", This was due to the great weight of the coat of arms was to be the first thing abandoned in the flight.
One of the most representative of this Spartan mentality was the battle of the Thermopiles, in which, under the command of King Leonidas a group formed by three hundred Spartans under the command of their King faced the entire Persian army under the command of Xerxes I of Persia who was preparing to conquer Greece.
The Spartans were fighting using the Hoplite formation, characterized by being men shoulder to shoulder, covered by their large shields and Spears, to stab his enemies at a distance. This was possible by the best equipment of the Greek troops, It carried more resistant and heavy coats and longer than the Persian soldiers Spears.
The film based on the comics by Frank Miller has given a great popularity to Spartan culture, being an absolute success both critical and box office. In it we see clothing and Spartan weapons characteristics.
In it we can see how the resistance of the Spartans could develop, Although there are actually other people who contributed soldiers to the resistance, of which there are only a small reference in the film, citing that they should protect the mountain pass that bordered the Thermopiles, and only entering combat in a scene, Although they actually took part in all the battles.
Tells us how the Spartan resistance could have been a success, but a renegade Greek name Ephialtes, He showed the way to Persian troops, in this way he could leave to launch frontal attacks against the Spartan troops, tactic that was demonstrating as an ineffective tactic, Since the Spartan soldiers due to the terrain and their weapons were able to resist such attacks without problems.
But naturally it is a film adaptation of a comic book, the soldiers fought without armor and maintain the typical structure of combat Hoplite, This is not true to what really happened. On the other hand weapons are faithful to that used at the time, highlighting the spear, the coat of arms and the Spartan sword or Xiphos the normal size of the leaf was environment to fifty centimeters but it is believed that the Spartans around the time of the Persian wars began to use a size of 30 cm.
It is a double edged sword and with the sharp tip sheet, It therefore allows both cut as nail, a large number of movements which allows the soldier, not limiting him to thrust or cut.
Although the primary weapon is the spear, the Xiphos in the hands of trained Spartan soldiers was a fearsome weapon. Its versatility allowed them to develop a large amount of hits, which together with its ferocity and organisation must cause great fear in the troops enemy.