The invention of the dimensions of mesh is attributed to the Celts, in the year 300 AC and until the 14th century were the main armour of the ordinary soldiers. The most important function of a chain-mail was the protect against sharp weapons of the opponent and is made specifically for each part of the body that had to cover. As the world of the armor changed, the bound was starting to have a secondary role, but no less important in the defense, until that in the 15th century was used strictly to carry under armor and most vulnerable areas such as the neck, the knees and joints. The chain offered a number of advantages: the flexibility, manufacture it and repair it was relatively easy and its cost was not large investments of money.
The executioner or almófar is a metal mesh that is placed beneath the hull of combat and covers neck and shoulders. Replaced in your day to the payload fairing of mesh that already was used only by the poorer classes. The almófar joined the hull usually via small Staples known as vervelles.
The executioners were quite uncomfortable and heavy, Why, the soldiers were put under some sort of filling. Of course, the protective helmets did not protect against sharp objects like arrows, be thrown with enough force, they could perforate the chain of metal; nor do they protect against fractures of bones or bruises; however, for the medieval knight was a much-needed form of protection, even after the arrival of the metal armor.
Currently the recreationists and lovers of the middle ages are those who most enjoy these pieces especially in parties and medieval events. And what better excuse to try this dress, the almófares and the coats of mail, know what it means to carry them and move under its weight, because even after several centuries, the coats of mail are still putting together the same way, so can get to weigh up 25 kilos.