Toys are those attractive objects with wchich we try to keep children entertained, that´s why toy shops must become those ideal places where you can get specific items to make children happy, but also make them learn to share playing with other children. In that way they will be able to assimilate important values such as comradeship, healthy competition and respect.
We offer children several interesting subjects for them. For example, we have piracy and knights who help them to develop their imagination.
We can find pirate ships, swords, guns and shields made in very good quality wood. And even pirate suits for kids.
In medieval theme, we can find swords, shields, helmets bows, crossbows, chest guards and child armours.
We all like to play, but above all children. They have the right to play, it means, make fun things with the only goal of having a nice time, and at the same time, exercise their bodies because movement is natural.
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Medieval pendants are wonderful accessories to decorate the neck of the person who is wearing a medieval suit or dress, or even a modern, medieval one.
In the cultural aspect, the Middle Age supposes, especially from the tenth century onwards, an interesting flourishing of new artistic, cultural expressions, promoted by the horizon opened before comtemporary people.
Medieval centuries were times when people and ideas moved quickly, due to the development of trade, cities and their new rising class, bourgeoisie, universities and pilgrimages, together with the movements of minstrels and monks of large Orders who went from one monastery to another.
Medieval culture es a cluster of philosophical, religious, literary … expressions which comprise the corpus of intellectuality in the Middle Age.
Another important aspect, when talking about culture in the Middle Age is alchemy, being called alchemists those who worked with it. The most important alchemist, among the Spanish group, was Arnaldo de Villanueva who learnt in the best school of Arab chemists. If we look into medicine, Greek and Islamic authors were the most translated into Latin; thus, Galeno’s theories- a Greek doctor- turned out to be in the centre of medicine until today, being considered the father of modern medicine.
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The Mongolian army was, during the twelfth and thirteenth century, the best in the world due to their movility and strategies, making them fearsome among their contemporaries. Gengis Kan and other Mongolian militaries introduced several innovations which enabled their army to conquer several territories, despite being at a numerical disadvantage in the battles they encountered.
Gengis Kan organized his soldiers in groups based on a Decimal System: 10 (arban), 100 (jaghun), 1.000 (mingghan), 10.000 (tumen), and each group had a leader (Noyan). The union of 2 to 5 tumen gave room to a hordu, or army, a word horda comes from. Each hordu was under the control of the kan or his Generals (Boyan). Heavy calvary wore leather cuirasses or laminated chainmails and steel helmets and their mountings had leather protections.
Most of the European armies consisted of a few professional soldiers, apart from Knights and a large number of plebeians or militiamen. Among them, only the knights and a few professional soldiers trained regularly, and their training emphasized the individual fight, detrimental to the tactics of group fighting. On the other hand, Mongolian armies often practised horse riding, archery, the tactics of unity, together with different formations and rotations. This training was kept by means of hard, but reasonable discipline.
The European knights who fought against Mongolians often used heavy armours, which could be pierced by a Mongolian compound arch. When the knights were hit by the arrows penetrating their armours, they found it difficult to take the nailed arrow out of their armour and body. When they took off their armours or removed the arrow they often worsened their wound. On the contrary, most of the Mongolian soldiers used their light armours on their silk shirts. When they were reached by an arrow, the silk wrapped the arrow and pierced the wound with it. They only had to pull softly out the silk around the arrow to remove it without causing much damage to the soldier. Likewise, Mongolian horses, which did not have an armour on and were ridden by light armour riders, were more resistant than European horses.
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A paperweight is a tool which makes weight on paper sheets, letters or other kind of paper so that they cannot move. Paperweights were born in the Industrial Revolution, when offices started to use different documents such as bills or other letters which were placed on desks.
As buildings had windows which were opened periodically, it was necessary to have a heavy object that stopped papers from flying across the room due to the wind.
What began being a merely functional element, perhaps a stone or a piece of metal, evolved towards fine aesthetic objects. An industry that would transform simple paperweights into works of art to decorate a desk sprang up around 1840 in France.
At present, paperweights are merchandised in a variety of shapes and colours, having in common only the sufficient weight to hold papers and have become beautiful collecting objects.
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